Zero poverty, zero hunger, education, good health, gender equality, clean water and accessible energy are just some of the 17 goals proposed by the UN for the World Summit on Sustainable Food Systems to be held in New York
One day is missing from the most important summit on food sovereignty proposed by the United Nations. It is named after The Food System Summit 2021 and will be held in New York on September 23. This is a Food Systems Summit, where more than 90 countries will announce their commitment to achieve Sustainable Development Goals proposed by the United Nations. The aim is to make progress on 17 lenses (SDGs – Sustainable Development Goals) leveraging the interconnection of food systems for global challenges such as hunger, the climate change, the poverty and the inequality.
Sustainable food systems don’t just help end hunger. They can help the world achieve critical progress on all 17 Sustainable Development Goals.
It is expected that approx 600 million of people will still live in poverty by 2030. After the pandemic, sustainable food systems can contribute to the fight against poverty by creating coupons jobs, improving access to food and supporting communities.
There malnutrition increased by about 9.9% in 2020 (partly due to Covid-19), with estimates of hungry people reaching between 720 and 811 million globally. Rebuild ours food systems to make them more sustainable, productive and resilient it is essential to solve the problem of long-term hunger.
Good health and well-being
In 2020 45.4 million children under five were considered wasted, a condition that reduces life expectancy. After the pandemic, sustainable food systems will support adequate nutrition, which will help people of all ages achieve good health.
101 million children and young people have fallen below the minimum reading proficiency level due to the pandemic. The goal of sustainable food systems is to allow students to have one healthy and balanced diet, essential for academic success.
Globally, the women represent only 13% of agricultural landowners. Due to Covid-19, the gender difference has become accentuated, leading women to face greater food insecurity. Sustainable food systems aim to empower and support women and strengthen their livelihoods around the world.
Clean water and sanitation
In 2020 2 billion of people had not yet safe drinking water, of which 771 million without basic drinking water. Sustainable food systems aim to ensure the sustainable use of this precious resource and increase access for those without drinking water, while also reducing the amount of pollution in our natural water systems.
Affordable and clean energy
Currently 759 million people lack access to electricity worldwide. Investing in sustainable food systems that maximize the use of clean and renewable energy sources will reduce the environmental impact of the food sector and improve people’s access to clean and accessible energy.
Decent work and economic growth
There public spending on agriculture it has remained stagnant relative to the share of agriculture in global GDP and the productivity and incomes of small producers are on average lower than those of large food producers. Sustainable food systems aim to create decent jobs and support the incomes of billions of people.
Industry, innovation and infrastructure
From 2006 to 2020, almost one in three small industrial companies applied for and benefited from a loan or line of credit. Access to credit remains unequal in the various countries of the world. By increasing innovations and investing in infrastructure, sustainable food systems can deliver widespread benefits to people and the planet.
Reduction of inequalities
The 25% of the population lives on less than half of the average income. From 2017 to 2020, the products exported by least developed countries and developing countries receiving duty exemption remain at 66 and 52 percent. Sustainable food systems aim to reduce poverty and provide decent work and a good income.
Sustainable cities and communities
Inequalities in access to basic services are visible within urban areas in addition 800 million people living in conditions of misery. Poors of cities are particularly vulnerable to financial crises or food price spikes. Sustainable food systems can help ensure that city dwellers have purchasing power and are adequately fed.
Responsible consumption and production
Only 50 policies and implementation activities under sustainable consumption and production programs have been reported in Sub-Saharan Africa. Sustainable food systems they reduce waste and deterioration and enable consumers to make smart choices in their food shopping.
Greenhouse gas concentrations reached new highs in 2020. Sustainable food systems aim to reduce this impact lowering emissions of critical gases for climate warming, including methane and carbon dioxide.
More than 3 billion people depend on the ocean for their livelihood and beyond80% of world trade in goods takes place by sea. Every year it is estimated that from 5 to 12 million tons of plastic enter the ocean, with a cost of approx 13 billion dollars a year; including cleaning costs and financial losses in fishing. Sustainable food systems can ensure the long-term viability of global fisheries, while protecting the health of their host ecosystems.
Life on the mainland
The percentage of forest area it’s gone down from 31.9% of the total area of the world in 2000 to 31.2% in 2020. This translates into a net loss of nearly 100 million hectares. Sustainable agriculture can reduce deforestation and support healthy terrestrial ecosystems, while also providing sustenance.
Peace, justice and strong institutions
Approximately 1% of the world’s population at the end of 2020 – 82.4 million people – had been forcibly displaced due to persecution, conflict or generalized violence, and the COVID-19 pandemic has exposed and intensified inequality and discrimination. Sustainable food systems can reduce critical household stresses, paving the way for peace and strong institutions to take hold.
Alliance for goals
Between 2017 and 2019, the weighted global tariff average remained stable at around 2%, and exports from developing and least developed countries received preferential treatment from developed countries. L’agriculture, a particular concern for developing countries, has rrepresented the highest tariff imposed by developed countries in 2019 at 7.9%.